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The Leaf
The Inflorescence
The Root System
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Tillering Phase
Grand Growth Phase
Ripening & Maturation Phase
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Home > crop growth phases > Ripening & Maturation Phase
Ripening and Maturation Phase

  • Ripening and maturation phase in a twelve-month crop lasts for about three months starting from 270-360 days.
  • Sugar synthesis and rapid accumulation of sugar takes place during this phase and vegetative growth is reduced.
  • As ripening advances, simple sugars (monosaccharide viz., fructose and glucose) are converted into cane sugar (sucrose, a disaccharide).
  • Cane ripening proceeds from bottom to the top and hence bottom portion contains more sugars than the top portions.
  • Ample sunshine, clear skies cool nights and warm days (i.e., more diurnal variation in temperature) and dry weather are highly conducive for ripening.
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