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The Leaf
The Inflorescence
The Root System
Germination & Establishment Phase
Tillering Phase
Grand Growth Phase
Ripening & Maturation Phase
Practical Implications
Improved Varieties
Land Preparation
Planting Material
Planting Time
Germination Irrigation
Weed Management
Irrigation Water Management
Earthing Up
Removal of Water Shoots
Harvesting Management
Nutrient Deficiency Symptoms
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Home > crop growth phases > Tillering Phase
Tillering Phase
  • Tillering starts from around 40 days after planting and may last up to 120 days.
  • Tillering is a physiological process of repeated under ground branching from compact nodal joints of the primary shoot.
  • Tillering provides the crop with appropriate number of stalks required for a good yield.
  • Various factors viz., variety, light, temperature, irrigation (soil moisture) and fertilizer practices influence tillering
  • Light is the most important external factor influencing tillering. Adequate light reaching the base of the sugarcane plant during the tillering period is of paramount importance.
  • Temperature around 30oc is considered optimum for tillering. Temperature below 20o retards tillering.
  • Early formed tillers give rise to thicker and heavier stalks. Late formed tillers either die or remain short or immature.
  • Maximum tiller population reaches around 90-120 days after planting. By about 150-180 days, atleast 50 per cent of the shoots die and a stable population is established.
  • Cultivation practices such as spacing, time of fertigation, water availability and weed control influence tillering.
  • Though 6-8 tillers are produced from a bud, ultimately only 1.5 to 2 tillers per bud remains to form canes.
  • Ratoon crop gives much higher and early tillering than a plant crop.
  • Encouraging good tillering is important to build adequate population.
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